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Retailers 'Sell' to Young Virtually

Cheryl Lu-Lien Tan
The Wall Street Journal
August 19th, 2008

Kohl's, Sears Build Brands As Children Clothe Their Avatars Online

Retailer Kohl’s Corp. this month launched a new line of apparel, but the plaid skirts and printed T-shirts won’t be sold in its 957 stores. Instead, it’s selling them on, a virtual community for teens and tweens where kids can fork over “Stardollars”—purchased online at a nominal sum—to buy apparel for their online characters.

With back-to-school sales off to a slow start, more old-line retailers and clothing labels are reaching out to kids online, enticing them to try virtual versions of their togs in hopes of making actual sales later. Kohl’s first virtual line features pieces from its new Abbey Dawn collection, designed by singer Avril Lavigne. In its first 16 days, Kohl’s Stardoll boutique logged some 2.2 million visits and sold 1.8 million items. lured 97,000 visitors who clicked through from the boutique site.

This month, casual-wear maker K-Swiss Inc. and lingerie and swimwear designer Eberjey rolled out virtual clothes on And in late July, retail pioneer Sears Holdings Corp. opened its first online boutique featuring back-to-school apparel and dorm-room furniture on teen site Sears said the boutiques logged 750,000 visitors and sold 850,000 virtual items during their first 16 days through mid-August.

These mainline retailers hope the virtual showrooms will be more effective than traditional ads in hooking tweens and teens. Users of the sites already can spend virtual dollars on virtual clothes designed by the sites, or by early adopters such as American Apparel Inc. that went virtual two years ago. The sites are places to fashion digital personalities, called “avatars,” that participants use to explore new styles, relationships and behaviors. Typically, these sites now offer a click through to buy the real products.

“When you look at an ad, it’s pretty quick,” said Jennifer Weiderman, vice president of global marketing for K-Swiss. “But when they’re in this virtual world, this gets them to spend more time [viewing] your product. It’s a little bit more sticky.”

Ms. Weiderman said she is dialing back her spending on TV ads this year and expects to allocate 15% of her marketing budget to online initiatives, up from 5% last year. Sears and J.C. Penney Co., which last month made virtual versions of its teen and young-adult clothing available to users of Yahoo’s instant messenger service, say they’ve increased online ad spending this year. Kohl’s also said it is allocating more of its online ad dollars this year to targeting teens. None would detail the scale of the budget shift.

Details of the arrangements vary, but a retailer or brand typically pays a fee to have a virtual community host and develop its store and products. At, the fee ranges from a few hundred dollars to a few thousand, depending on how elaborate the store is and how many items will be sold. The brand and the Web site sometimes split revenue from the virtual purchases. But since virtual clothes cost from under $1 to $5—brands regard this revenue as negligible.

“It’s really a way to get shoppers to test-drive your product,” said Carlos Mejia, chief financial officer of Eberjey, a maker of lingerie, swimwear and sleepwear. The brand, which largely sells to women ages 20 to 45, hopes to attract teenagers with its virtual line.

Penney decided this year to put back-to-school outfits on Yahoo after learning that, during a seven-week experiment last summer, 1.5 million avatars wore its clothing on Yahoo and 5 million Penney outfits were tried on. “It casts a very modern, current light on the brand with teens,” says Mike Boylson, Penney’s chief marketing officer. Before Penney’s presence on Yahoo, “perhaps J.C. Penney wasn’t on their radar before,” he says.

Sears is marketing its virtual boutiques on billboards in the virtual world, and is hosting daily fashion shows on the site promoting its products through the end of August.

Not everyone is pleased. Patti Miller, vice president of Children Now, an Oakland, Calif.-based national children’s advocacy group, expressed concern over marketing to youngsters via these virtual shops. The Federal Communications Commission in 1990 established rules governing the hourly amount of advertising directed at children. But the newer, Web-based virtual communities that have replaced TV viewing for some kids have no similar restrictions.

“Some of these younger kids, those younger than 8 and even kids up to 12, can’t make the distinction between what’s advertising and what’s not,” says Ms. Miller. She says children may not grasp that the virtual stores function as a brand advertisement.

Dave Bazant, Sears’ marketing manager for online and emerging media, argues that children who frequent the virtual sites are savvy enough to know that the stores also function as a branding tool.

“It’s fairly transparent—kids are not very naïve these days,” says Mr. Bazant. He notes that Sears is careful to not aggressively push its wares in these sites because teens and tweens are “turned off by direct advertising. We’re not giving away our product for free. Most of these items, they have to purchase.”

The online pitches are striking a chord with Jen Rediger’s daughters, 13-year-old Tyler and 9-year-old Kenzie. In the first week that the Kohl’s store opened on Stardoll, they spent about 70 Star Dollars, or $7, on virtual skirts and shoes. Ms. Rediger, 32, an interior designer who lives in Hoschton, Ga., says she doesn’t mind her daughters being exposed to such marketing because “it’s not worse than what they see on television.”

Tyler has already asked her mom to take her to Kohl’s to buy the real versions. “They look really cool on my doll,” she says. “It’s my style so I think I’ll wear it a lot.”








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